Ontario Government Record Series RG 1-153
24 centimetres of textual records
Series is composed of warrants for land grants issued under the Regulations of 5 January 1819. The warrants consist of orders-in-council issued by the Executive Council to the Surveyor General authorising him to locate settlers on land. Included in the warrant: are the name of the grantee, their place of residence, and sometimes, their occupation and place of birth; the date of the order-in-council authorising the grant, and the regulations under which the grant was made. Attached to warrants may be affidavits testifying that settlement duties have been completed, copies of tickets of location issued by the Surveyor General, and copies of the fiat issued by the Attorney General authorising the issuance of the patent. These fiats contain the same information as the warrants, but in addition record: the location of the grant (lot, concession and township) and the date the ticket of location was issued.
On the verso of the warrant may be recorded: the order-in-council number; the regulations under which the grant was made; a description number; the location of the grant; and remarks (e.g., "returned and cancelled, land being unfit for cultivation).
In all, 433 warrants were issued under the Regulations of 5 January 1819. Only warrants # 1 to #425 have survived.
Series RG 1-153, Box 1 contains warrants number # 1 to #200.Series RG 1-153, Box 2 contains warrants number # 201 to #425.
Except for a minor adjustment made in 1816, the table of fees imposed on land grants in Upper Canada remained unchanged between 1810 and 1819. By 1819, however, the Land Board was convinced that land values had risen so far to justify an increase, particularly as the Assembly had reduced funding for the Surveyor General's Office in the fall of 1818. On 5 January 1819 a new table of fees was instituted.
It was a complex process to receive a land grant. Many offices were involved and each office (Executive Council Office, Receiver General's Office, Attorney General's Office, Surveyor General's Office, Provincial Secretary's Office, etc. ) maintained its own numbering system for the documents it generated or received relating to these transactions. Within the Surveyor General's Office, warrants issued under the Regulations of 5 January 1819 were numbered and filed separately from other types of fiats and warrants.
Click on the link(s) below for more information.
A "Book of orders for grants made under the Regulations of 6 July 1804, 5 January 1819 and 1 January 1820" which serves as an index to warrants issued under these regulations between 1819 and 1822, can be found at Library and Archives Canada as RG 1 L7, volume 12.
Volume RG 1-154-2-1 contains a register recording warrants issued under the regulations of 5 January 1819.
Early in 1820, when the Regulations of 1 January 1820 were instituted with their higher range of fees, grants according to the Regulations of 5 January 1819 were largely discontinued. For the following four years, only a few grants were made under the Regulations of 5 January 1819. Council was willing to forgo the higher fees which could be collected under the Regulations of 1 January 1820 in order to encourage the settlement of certain remote townships through which a line of communication was to be opened. Then, the Regulations of 31 January 1824 revised the terms on which land was to be granted to what were substantially those of 5 January 1819. Because of the similarity between the two tables of fees, warrants issued under the Regulations of 31 January 1824 were numbered and filed with the series of warrants created for the Regulations of 5 January 1819.
Series RG 1-153, Box 1 formerly was RG 1 C-I-3, volume 142.
Series RG 1-153, Box 2 formerly was RG 1 C-I-3, volume 143.
These records were created by the following Ontario government agency or agencies. Click on the agency reference code for information about this agency and other records it created.
1819-[ca. 1830] :
|Surveyor General's Office (BA84)|
Series RG 1-153, warrants # 1 to # 100 is available on self-service microfilm MS 693, reel 145.
Series RG 1-153, warrants # 101 to # 300 is available on self-service microfilm MS 693, reel 146.
Series RG 1-153, warrants # 301 to # 425 is available on self-service microfilm MS 693, reel 147.
Please note that microfilmed records are identified by their former reference codes.
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