Fonds F 4337
1.2 metres of textual records
Collection consists of material collected between the 1950s and mid-1970s by A.E. Williams, relating to the United Indian Bands of the Chippewas and Mississaugans.
Most of the fonds was created by or collected on behalf of the United Bands of Ontario between 1903 and 1912 in the course of their efforts by Ontario First Nations to assert their rights on issues of land, hunting, fishing, and voting, and to secure payments promised under treaty commitments.
Records pertaining to the United Bands of Ontario consist of correspondence, minutes, legal documents, accounting records, research notes, transcripts of records in the National Archives of Canada and the British Public Record Office. Also included are by-laws, claims for unceded territory, treaties, correspondence, band censuses and genealogies, petitions, speeches, memorials, and broadsides. A few documents contain totem signatures.
Collection also contains correspondence and research notes created and acquired by G. Mills McClurg (1857-1913) in his capacity as General Secretary and Treasurer of the United Bands. Correspondence is likewise included from John Monague, who also served as Secretary for the United Bands, as well as from Walter Simon, who replaced McClurg as General Secretary of the United Band movement. As well, there also are records created and received by the law firms of Hunter and Hunter, and Goodman and Galbraith, which consist of correspondence between the firms and various members of government. Additionally, correspondence, legal documents and accounts from the Department of Indian Affairs and its predecessor, the Indian Offices, is included.
Fonds also contains published materials collected by A.E. Williams, including debates of the Legislative Assembly and House of Commons, Bills and circulars.
A.E. Williams operated A.E. Williams & Company Ltd., a Toronto, Ontario-based insurance adjuster company, and was a collector of Canadiana.
The United Indian Bands of the Chippewas and the Mississaugas was an ad-hoc grass roots movement of Ontario First Nations formed to assert their claims regarding land and monies owed under the 1850 Robinson Treaties, as well as to claim hunting and fishing rights.
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Collection was acquired by the Archives of Ontario in 1995 from Hugh Anson- Cartwright of Toronto, Ontario.
The records of the United Bands of Ontario were acquired by A.E. Williams, presumably sometime after the Hunter and Hunter law firm closed. The donor acquired them from the estate of A.E. Williams.
Title based on collector and contents of fonds.
Accession number 30265.
Please consult inventory for F 4337 to narrow down search, then consult self- serve microfilm.
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