Ontario Government Record Series RG 1-157
1.53 metres of textual records
Series consists of individual fiats for land in the Perth and Lanark Military Settlements granted to those serving in the military and to emigrants, as well as registers of these records.
Within land granting records, the code "M.E." is used to distinguish grants to military emigrants.
The series is arranged into two sub- series based on the type of record.
See sub-series descriptions for further information.
After the War of 1812, the Imperial government began a programme to encourage settlement in Upper and Lower Canada. It was decided to offer emigrants free passage on the transport ships which were being sent to Canada to bring back troops. As well, the government promised to provide each immigrant family with tools and provisions and a grant of 100-acres and undertook to settle them as a community. Safeguards were put into place to discourage re-emigration to the United States. Members of British regiments serving in Upper Canada similarly were offered land free of fees in a military settlement, as well as provisions for one year and necessary farm implements. Settlement was to be made at the direction of the military authorities. Given the requirements for provisioning, the Military Settling Department, a branch of the Quarter-master General's Department, took the lead role in locating settlers. The Surveyor General was required to provide periodic reports outlining the land available for military emigrants.
The Executive Council decided to establish these settlers in the Rideau River area and opened a number of townships to their settlement - Beckwith, Bathurst and Drummond (the Perth Military Settlement). In addition, about one-third of the those emigrating to the Perth Settlement were located on scattered lots in older townships in the area. Settlement began in earnest in the spring of 1816. Settlers were required to remain on the land for a period of three years and in that time, to clear at least four acres of land and erect a dwelling.
In early 1820, as well, the government sponsored the emigration of Scottish weavers from the counties of Lanark and Renfrewshire. As before, each family was promised 100-acres of land free of fees. This time, however, instead of offering supplies and implements, families could borrow money from the government at a rate of £10 per person, payable within 10 years (the patent could not be issued until the loan was paid off). Emigrants were responsible for paying for their own passage to Canada: many were assisted in this by private emigration societies. These settlers were largely placed in Lanark, Dalhousie, North Sherbrooke and Ramsay Townships (the Lanark Settlement). After December 1821, no new locations were made by the Military Settling Department.
Within the Surveyor General's Office, fiats issued to military emigrants were numbered and filed separately from other types of fiats and warrants.
Click on the link(s) below for more information.Upper Canada. Surveyor General's Office Canada (Province). Crown Lands Dept.
Library and Archives Canada holds a register documenting "Warrants issued to troops reducted in this province since the close of the late war with the United States of American". The register (Reference code RG 1 L 7, volume 11) covers the period 1817 to 1829.
Sub-series RG 1-53-17 contains descriptions of military emigrant grants.
See sub-series descriptions.
These records were created by the following Ontario government agency or agencies. Click on the agency reference code for information about this agency and other records it created.
|Surveyor General's Office (BA84)|
|Crown Lands Department (AA100)|
See sub-series descriptions.
Scroll up to "Finding Aid" for more information about any available finding aids or listings.
Click on a reference code for more information about a series of records.
|Reference Code||Sub-series Title|
|RG 1-157-1||Individual fiats for land grants - military emigrants (M.E.)|
|RG 1-157-2||Registers of fiats for land grants - military emigrants (M.E.)|