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Ontario Government Agency History (BA72)

Ontario Provincial Police


History and Function

Name
Ontario Provincial Police
Dates of Existence
1909-
Function
The Ontario Provincial Police force (OPP) has responsibility for: (1) the performance of all duties and services in relation to the preservation of peace within the province; (2) the prevention of crime and offences against the laws in force in Ontario and the criminal laws of Canada; and (3) the apprehension of criminals and offenders who may be lawfully taken into custody.
Administrative History

The Ontario Provincial Police force was established by Order In Council on October 13, 1909, and attached to the Department of the Attorney General. At the time of its creation, the force comprised approximately forty-five or fifty men, many of whom had previously been appointed as Provincial Constables.

The force was first divided into four divisions. These were the Southern Division, with headquarters at Niagara Falls; the Northern Division with headquarters at Cobalt; the Central Division at Sudbury; and the Western Division at Kenora, which shortly after 1910 moved to Fort William.

The force was reorganized several times during the early part of its existence and by 1922, the Province was divided into nine numbered Districts, with headquarters at Windsor, Niagara Falls, Kitchener, Toronto, Belleville, Ottawa, Cobalt, Sudbury, and Port Arthur, each under the command of a District Inspector. In July, 1922, authorization was made for Sergeants, with one being appointed in each District. By the end of 1922 the force stood at approximately 195 men.

The patrol of the various highways of the Province was brought under the control of the OPP in 1930, with the transfer of the various patrol units from the Department of Highways. The number of districts was also increased to twelve at this time.

A new Police Act was passed in the Ontario Legislature in 1946. This Act repealed all former legislation and statutes governing the force, and for the first time clearly specified the duties and responsibilities of the police.

In April, 1972, the Ontario Provincial Police force was transferred to the jurisdiction of the Solicitor General.

Over the years, the OPP has consisted of many different branches and divisions. Primary divisions have included the Staff Development Division, the Staff Services Division, the Field Division, the Traffic Division, the Investigations Division, and the Administrative Services Division.

Branches have included: the Stores Branch (later renamed the Transport and Supply Branch); the Special Investigations Branch; the Central Records Branch; the Training Branch; the Registration Branch; and the First Nations and Contract Policing Branch, among others.

In 1993, the Ministry of the Solicitor General was merged with the Ministry of Correctional Services to form the Ministry of the Solicitor General and Correctional Services. The OPP was transferred to the new Ministry.

Authorizing Agent

Order in Council (October 13, 1909)

The Constables Act, Statutes of Ontario 1910, Chap. 39

Police Act, Statutes of Ontario 1946, Chap. 72

Agency Also Known As

OPP


Subordinate Agencies

These agencies reported to the Ontario Provincial Police.

Click on a title for more information about an agency and for links to descriptions of the archival records that the agency created.

Agency Name Dates of Existence
Ontario Provincial Police. Community Services Branch 1973-1986
Ontario Provincial Police. Criminal Investigation Branch 1922-1995
Ontario Provincial Police. Criminal Investigation Dept. 1909-1922
Ontario Provincial Police. Field Coordination Branch 1983-1995
Ontario Provincial Police. Office of the Commissioner 1909-
Ontario Provincial Police. Professional Standards Branch 1983-1995
Ontario Provincial Police. Quartermaster Stores Branch 1963-1991
Ontario Provincial Police. Registration Branch 1967-1990
Ontario Provincial Police. Special Investigations Branch 1973-1987
Ontario Provincial Police. Staff Inspections Branch 1953-1983
Ontario Provincial Police. Training Branch 1962-1999

Archival Record Series Created by this Agency

Click on a reference code for more information about a series of records.

Reference Code Series Title

RG 23-1

Ontario Provincial Police Commissioner's letterbooks

RG 23-2

Memoranda to and from the Commissioner of the Ontario Provincial Police

RG 23-3

Ontario Provincial Police Commissioner Eric Silk's personal correspondence

RG 23-4

Ontario Provincial Police Commissioner Edwin McNeill's miscellaneous correspondence

RG 23-5

Ontario Provincial Police Commissioner Eric Silk's speeches

RG 23-6

Ontario Provincial Police Commissioner Eric Silk's appointment books

RG 23-7

Ontario Provincial Police headquarters correspondence and subject files

RG 23-8

Ontario Provincial Police Commissioner's International Association of Chiefs of Police files

RG 23-9

Ontario Provincial Police Divisional Inspectors' reports

RG 23-10

Ontario Provincial Police enrolment applications

RG 23-11

Ontario Provincial Police lists of force members

RG 23-12

Staff records of separated or commissioned officers of the Ontario Provincial Police

RG 23-13

Ontario Provincial Police commendatory correspondence files

RG 23-14

Ontario Provincial Police long service, good conduct and special award files

RG 23-15

Complaint case files against the Ontario Provincial Police

RG 23-16

Ontario Provincial Police training and development files

RG 23-17

Ontario Provincial Police instruction files

RG 23-18

Ontario Provincial Police records relating to police training courses

RG 23-19

Ontario Police College training files

RG 23-20

Ontario Provincial Police general personnel records

RG 23-21

Ontario Provincial Police routine police orders

RG 23-22

Ontario Provincial Police regulations, instructions, and directives

RG 23-23

Ontario Provincial Police standing orders

RG 23-24

Ontario Provincial Police circulars

RG 23-25

Ontario Provincial Police enforcement procedures

RG 23-26

Ontario Provincial Police criminal investigation records and reports

RG 23-29

Ontario Provincial Police major criminal investigation solved case files

RG 23-30

Ontario Provincial Police members' diaries and notebooks / journals

RG 23-31

Ontario Provincial Police public information files

RG 23-32

Ontario Provincial Police crime prevention program files

RG 23-33

Ontario Provincial Police miscellaneous historical files

RG 23-34

Ontario Provincial Police public information file photographs

RG 23-35

Dahn Higley collection of Ontario Provincial Police historical records

RG 23-36

Criminal Investigation Branch - Inspector George Mackay's records

RG 23-37

Ontario Provincial Police inactive emergency measures files

RG 23-38

Ontario Provincial Police lists of private investigators and security guard agencies

RG 23-39

Private investigator and security guard agencies licensing files

RG 23-40

Private investigators and security guards investigation files

RG 23-41

Ontario Provincial Police security escorts and V.I.P. files

RG 23-42

Ontario Provincial Police special events enforcement files

RG 23-43

Ontario Provincial Police Lord's Day Act Sunday trucking files

RG 23-44

Ontario Provincial Police policing of Indian reservations, military camps, and parks files

RG 23-45

Ontario Provincial Police marine safety program files

RG 23-46

Ontario Provincial Police municipal policing services files

RG 23-47

Ontario Provincial Police Indian policing files

RG 23-48

Ontario Provincial Police Indian Reserves policing files

RG 23-49

Ontario Provincial Police Special Investigations Branch crime reports files

RG 23-50

Ontario Provincial Police criminal investigation reports and files

RG 23-51

Ontario Provincial Police major occurrence reports files

RG 23-52

Ontario Provincial Police crime index bulletins

RG 23-53

Ontario Provincial Police personnel history summaries

RG 33-16

Ontario Provincial Police police services files

RG 33-32

Police Support Services Branch quality assurance advisory and monitoring files

RG 23-50-1

Card index to Ontario Provincial Police criminal investigation reports and files

RG 23-50-2

Ontario Provincial Police criminal investigation reports and files

Archival Records about this Person or Body

Click on a reference code for more information about a series of records.

Reference Code Series Title

RG 4-28

Public Safety Division Assistant Deputy Attorney General transportation safety correspondence files

Archival Records Linked to this Person or Body

Click on a reference code for more information about a series of records.

Reference Code Series Title

RG 44-15

Ontario Housing Corporation records relating to fraud investigation