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Corporate Name Authority

T. Eaton Co.


About this record creator

Biographical Sketch or Administrative History

The T. Eaton Company Limited was a major Canadian retailer founded in 1869 by Timothy Eaton in Toronto, Ontario, and operating until 1999.

The T. Eaton Co. opened as a single dry goods store in Toronto, Ontario on December 8, 1869. Founded on two principles -cash sales and fixed prices- and, after 1870, the promise of "goods satisfactory of money refunded" the company expanded across Canada in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries to become Canada's largest department store retailer.

T. Eaton Co. introduced catalogue ordering in 1884 to support their mail order business. This broadened the company's scope and allowed customers across Canada to place orders. In the twentieth century, Eaton's expanded, opening stores across Canada in Winnipeg, Moncton, Montreal, Regina, Hamilton, Halifax, Saskatoon, Calgary, Edmonton, New Westminster, Charlottetown and Vancouver. The company also owned related companies and factories such as the Eaton Knitting Company, the Guelph Stove Company as well as Brampton Tire and Rubber. By 1987, the company employed over 35,000 staff and had 108 outlets.

In the mid-twentieth century, Eaton's partnered with the Provincial Government in plans for urban renewal across the province, opening stores in downtown cores in an attempt to reinvigorate urban centres. In 1999, after store closures and implementing a company wide restructuring plan, the T. Eaton Co. declared bankruptcy. Eaton's corporate assets were later acquired by Sears Canada.

Equivalent Name

Eaton (in Quebec)

Other names

Eaton's

Source Note

Canadiana Authorities.

Macpherson, M. (1963). Shopkeepers to a nation. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart.

Santink, J. (1990). Timothy Eaton and the rise of his department store. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.


Archival Records Linked to this Creator

Click on a reference code for more information about a series of records.

Reference Code Series Title

F 229

T. Eaton Company fonds

F 229-115

Miscellaneous Eaton's catalogue sales and distribution records

Archival Records about this Person or Body

Click on a reference code for more information about a series of records.

Reference Code Series Title

C 224-36

Photograph album of Eaton's 60th anniversary of Confederation display

Archival Records Linked to this Person or Body

Click on a reference code for more information about a series of records.

Reference Code Series Title

C 327

Margaret Currie fonds

F 4610

Ted and Eleanor Konkle fonds

F 4612-2

Sheila Wherry records

C 11-1399

Horwood and White architectural drawings for the Eaton's warehouse in Winnipeg, Manitoba