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Ontario Government Agency History (AA101)

Ontario. Lieutenant Governor


History and Function

Name
Lieutenant Governor
Dates of Existence
1867-
Function
The Lieutenant Governor is the nominal Head of State for the Province of Ontario and is empowered with the responsibility of representing the Sovereign in the province (the Queen/King of England is the official Head of State).
Administrative History

Under the British North America Act of 1867, the Lieutenant Governor is the representative of the Crown and nominal chief executive officer in Ontario. The Lieutenant Governor is a federal officer, appointed by the Queen on the recommendation of the Prime Minister of Canada, and is paid and liable to dismissal by the national government.

The Lieutenant Governor is appointed for a period of five years and carries the title of "The Honourable" for life.

Although the Lieutenant Governor has a certain amount of power and authority (such as the ability to refuse a request by the Premier for the dissolution of the Legislature, or the ability to ignore the advice of the incumbent Premier and Cabinet), this authority is rarely wielded. Presently, the primary function of the Lieutenant Governor is as a social figure, representing the Crown and provincial government in social settings and through the pomp of official ceremonies such as the opening of the Legislature.

When the Lieutenant Governor is unable to do so, the Chief Justice of Ontario acts in his/her place. As such, one or the other must be in the province at all times.

Authorizing Agent

Constitution Act (British North America Act), Statutes of Great Britain 1867, Chap. 3

The Lieutenant Governor opens, prorogues (closes), and can dissolve the Legislature, and is responsible for swearing in the Premier and Cabinet Ministers.

Additional duties of the Lieutenant Governor include: signing all Bills passed by the Legislature into law; signing proclamations and appointments of persons to government posts; delivering the Speech from the Throne at the opening of a new session of Legislature; and engaging in a variety of social activities, such as receiving dignitaries, sponsoring awards, holding receptions, and attending religious, cultural, educational and recreational events.

Agency Also Known As

Ontario. Office of the Lieutenant Governor

Ontario. Lieutenant Governor's Office

Lieutenant Governor of Ontario

Ontario. Lieutenant-Governor

Source Note

Canadiana Name Authorities, 1996-12- 24

Aird, John Black. Loyalty in a changing world. The contemporary function of the Office of the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario (Toronto: Office of the Premier, 1985).

Bell, George and Andrew Pascoe. The Ontario Government: Structure and Function (1988).

Saywell, John T. The Office of Lieutenant-Governor. A Study in Canadian Government and Politics (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1957).


Subordinate Agencies

These agencies reported to the Lieutenant Governor.

Click on a title for more information about an agency and for links to descriptions of the archival records that the agency created.

Agency Name Dates of Existence
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (1867- 1868 : Stisted) 1867-1868
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (1868- 1873 : Howland) 1868-1873
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (1873- 1875 : Crawford) 1873-1875
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (1875- 1880 : Macdonald) 1875-1880
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (1880- 1887 : Robinson) 1880-1887
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (1887- 1892 : Campbell) 1887-1892
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (1892- 1897 : Kirkpatrick) 1892-1897
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (1897- 1903 : Mowat) 1897-1903
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (1903- 1908 : Clark) 1903-1908
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (1908- 1914 : Gibson) 1908-1914
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (1914- 1919 : Hendrie) 1914-1919
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (1919- 1921 : Clarke) 1919-1921
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (1921- 1927 : Cockshutt) 1921-1927
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (1927- 1931 : Ross) 1927-1931
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (1932- 1937 : Bruce) 1932-1937
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (1937- 1946 : Matthews) 1937-1946
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (1946-1952 : Lawson) 1946-1952
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (1952- 1957 : Breithaupt) 1952-1957
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (1957- 1963 : Mackay) 1957-1963
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (1963- 1968 : Rowe) 1963-1968
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (1968-1974 : Macdonald) 1968-1974
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (1974- 1980 : McGibbon) 1974-1980
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (1980- 1985 : Aird) 1980-1985
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (1985- 1991 : Alexander) 1985-1991
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (1991- 1997 : Jackman) 1991-1997
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (1997-2002 : Weston) 1997-2002
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (2002-2007 : Bartleman) 2002-2007
Ontario. Lieutenant Governor (2007- : Onley) 2007-
Ontario. Lieutenant-Governor's Committee on Housing Conditions in Toronto 1934

Archival Record Series Created by this Agency

Click on a reference code for more information about a series of records.

Reference Code Series Title

RG 24-29

Records of Lieutenant-Governor William Ross Macdonald

RG 24-41

Royal visits files of Lieutenant-Governor Lincoln M. Alexander

RG 24-42

Function files of Lieutenant-Governor Henry N. R. Jackman

RG 24-43

General correspondence of Lieutenant-Governor Henry N. R. Jackman

RG 24-44

Invitations (regrets) of Lieutenant-Governor Henry N. R. Jackman

RG 24-45

Patronage files of Lieutenant-Governor Henry N. R. Jackman

RG 24-46

Messages of Lieutenant-Governor Henry N. R. Jackman

RG 24-47

Aide-de-Camp function files for Lieutenant-Governor Henry N. R. Jackman

RG 24-48

Daily journals and itineraries of Lieutenant-Governor Henry N. R. Jackman

RG 24-49

Trip files of Lieutenant-Governor Henry N. R. Jackman

RG 24-50

Speeches of Lieutenant-Governor Henry N. R. Jackman

RG 24-51

Lieutenant-Governor Henry N. R. Jackman Administrator of Ontario files

RG 24-52

Function files of Lieutenant Governor Hilary Weston

RG 24-53

General correspondence of Lieutenant Governor Hilary Weston

RG 24-54

Invitations (regrets) of Lieutenant Governor Hilary Weston

RG 24-55

Patronage files of Lieutenant Governor Hilary Weston

RG 24-56

Messages of Lieutenant Governor Hilary Weston

RG 24-58

Royal visit files of Lieutenant Governor Hilary Weston

RG 24-59

Lieutenant Governor Hilary Weston Administrator of Ontario files

RG 24-61

Function files of Lieutenant-Governor James Bartleman

RG 24-62

General correspondence of Lieutenant-Governor James Bartleman

RG 24-63

Invitations (regrets) of Lieutenant-Governor James Bartleman

RG 24-64

Patronage files of Lieutenant-Governor James Bartleman

RG 24-65

Thank you letters of Lieutenant-Governor James Bartleman

RG 24-66

Messages of Lieutenant-Governor James Bartleman

Archival Records Linked to this Person or Body

Click on a reference code for more information about a series of records.

Reference Code Series Title

F 4596

Old Government House glass plate negatives collection

C 11-1461

Architectural drawing of Lieutenant Governorís residence by an unidentified architect in Toronto, Ontario