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Ontario Government Agency History (AA3)

Ontario. Dept. of Education


History and Function

Name
Department of Education
Dates of Existence
1876-1972
Function
The Department of Education was responsible for the development, planning, co-ordination and administration of policies regarding schools in Ontario. Activities of the Department included: establishing regulations regarding the distribution of funds to schools boards; the certification and training of teachers; the creation of Model Schools and Normal Schools; the approval of textbooks; the appointment of inspectors; and the appointment of county examiners.
Administrative History

The Department of Education was established by legislation on February 10, 1876, replacing the Department of Public Instruction. The new Department was presided over by the Minister of Education who was assigned the powers formerly held by the Chief Superintendent of Education. With this change, the position of Chief Superintendent was abolished. The Council of Public Instruction was also dissolved at this time and the Department assumed its functions.

In 1877, to meet an increasing need for teachers, the concept of County Model Schools was devised in order to train candidates for 3rd Class Certificates. These schools were discontinued in 1907 and replaced with Provincial Model Schools which served larger regions. These schools, in turn, were discontinued in 1924 leaving only the Provincial Normal Schools (located in Toronto, Ottawa, Hamilton, Stratford, London, North Bay and Peterborough) to provide training for elementary teachers.

In 1876, the Department provided financial support to the Ontario Society of Artists in order to allow it to open the Ontario School of Art. The Department also operated the Provincial Museum until 1933, and published reports on Archaeology from 1900 until 1928.

Early offices that were established within the Department included the Superintendent of Art Schools and Mechanics' Institutes in 1880 (later renamed the Inspector of Public Libraries); the Superintendent of Education (existing from 1906-1919); the Chief Director (existing from 1923-1965); the Chief Inspector of Public and Separate Schools, established in 1908 and renamed the Elementary Education Branch in 1946; and the Chief Inspector of Secondary Schools, established in 1935 and renamed the Superintendent of Secondary Education by 1943.

Other agencies and branches attached to, or controlled by, the Department included the Ontario College of Education (established in 1920), the Department of Public Records and Archives, the Ontario Council for the Arts (established in 1963), and the University Committee (which was established in 1958 and renamed the Advisory Committee on University Affairs in 1961).

In 1964, responsibility for universities in Ontario was transferred from the Department of Education to the newly created Department of University Affairs. In 1971, the Applied Arts and Technology Branch was also transferred to the Department of University Affairs, which was subsequently renamed the Department of Colleges and Universities.

In 1972, the Government of Ontario was considerably reorganized as the various Departments of the government were restructured as Ministries. With this change, the Department of Education was renamed the Ministry of Education.

Authorizing Agent

Act Respecting the Education Department, Statutes of Ontario 1876, Chap. 16

Source Note

Bishop, Olga. Publications of the Government of Ontario, 1867-1900 (1976)

MacTaggart, Hazel. Publications of the Government of Ontario, 1901-1955 (1964)

Canadiana Name Authorities, 1996-12- 24


Agencies that preceded and/or succeeded this agency

Predecessor Agenices

Ontario. Dept. of Public Instruction

Successor Agencies

Ontario. Ministry of Education (1972-1993)


Subordinate Agencies

These agencies reported to the Department of Education.

Click on a title for more information about an agency and for links to descriptions of the archival records that the agency created.

Agency Name Dates of Existence
Committee on University Affairs of Ontario 1958-1974
North Bay Normal School (Ont.) 1909-1973
Ontario Normal College 1890-1908
Ontario School for the Blind 1872-
Ontario. Applied Arts and Technology Branch 1966-1973
Ontario. Archaeological and Historic Sites Board 1953-1975
Ontario. Audio-Visual Education Branch 1945-1968
Ontario. Auxiliary Education Branch 1914-1965
Ontario. Curriculum and Text-Books Branch 1956-1965
Ontario. Curriculum Branch (1965-1972) 1965-1972
Ontario. Departmental Examination Branch 1896-1951
Ontario. Depository Branch 1850-1881
Ontario. Dept. of Education. Accountant's Branch 1920-1956
Ontario. Dept. of Education. Administration Division 1965-1972
Ontario. Dept. of Education. Business Administration Branch 1956-1965
Ontario. Dept. of Education. Community Programmes Branch 1948-1968
Ontario. Dept. of Education. Correspondence Branch 1913-1951
Ontario. Dept. of Education. Departmental Business Administration Branch 1965-1972
Ontario. Dept. of Education. Guidance Services Branch 1944-1965
Ontario. Dept. of Education. Legal Section 1965-1972
Ontario. Dept. of Education. Office of the Deputy Minister 1876-1972
Ontario. Dept. of Education. Physical and Health Education Branch 1944-1965
Ontario. Dept. of Education. Professional Development Branch 1957-1979
Ontario. Dept. of Education. Program Branch 1965-1970
Ontario. Dept. of Education. Registrar's Branch 1951-1965
Ontario. Dept. of Education. Registrar's Division 1965-1972
Ontario. Dept. of Education. Supervision Branch 1965-1972
Ontario. Dept. of Education. Text-Books Branch 1913-1956
Ontario. Education Data Centre 1965-1968
Ontario. Education Data Processing Branch 1968-1979
Ontario. Educational Museum 1857-1933
Ontario. Independent Learning Centre 1926-2002
Ontario. Instruction Division 1965-1972
Ontario. Learning Materials Service Unit 1968-1973
Ontario. Legislative Library 1867-
Ontario. Ministry of Education (1972-1993). Architectural Services Section 1967-1989
Ontario. Ministry of Education (1972-1993). Personnel Branch 1963-1987
Ontario. Ministry of Education (1972-1993). Special Projects Branch 1968-1987
Ontario. Ministry of Education and Training. Statistical Services Group 1903-1996
Ontario. Provincial Library Service 1959-1979
Ontario. School Planning and Building Research Section 1967-1972
Ontario. Secondary Education Branch 1935-1965
Ontario. Teacher Education Branch 1956-1992
Ontario. Technical and Trades Training Branch 1963-1966
Ontario. Youth and Recreation Branch 1968-1973
Provincial Committee on Aims and Objectives of Education in the Schools of Ontario 1965-1969

Archival Record Series Created by this Agency

Click on a reference code for more information about a series of records.

Reference Code Series Title

RG 2-3

Minutes of the General Board of Education for Canada West and Council of Public Instruction

RG 2-6

Department of Public Instruction cash books

RG 2-8

Department of Education outgoing general correspondence letter books

RG 2-9

Department of Education drafts of outgoing correspondence

RG 2-11

Department of Education geographical indices of incoming general correspondence

RG 2-12

Department of Education incoming general correspondence

RG 2-13

Department of Education text book correspondence and memoranda

RG 2-14

Department of Education inter-departmental correspondence

RG 2-26

Department of Education printed forms, circulars, pamphlets, regulations, directives and memos

RG 2-27

Educational Depository records

RG 2-29

Correspondence files of the Minister of the Department of Education

RG 2-31

Department of Education register of incoming general correspondence

RG 2-33

Minister of Education newspaper clipping files

RG 2-35

Memoranda of the Chief Superintendent, the Minister and the Deputy Minister of the Department of Education

RG 2-36

Department of Education confirmation of by-laws files

RG 2-37

Department of Education files regarding investigations, disputes and arbitrations

RG 2-38

Deputy Minister of Education files

RG 2-41

Interim School Organization Committee reports

RG 2-42

Department of Education select subject files

RG 2-43

Department of Education central registry files

RG 2-44

Ministry of Education general liaison files

RG 2-45

Ministry of Education files of inquiries from M.P.P.'s and the public

RG 2-46

Boards of Education files

RG 2-47

Department of Education personnel records

RG 2-48

Ministry of Education school September reports

RG 2-51

School grants apportionment registers

RG 2-52

Department of Education financial expenditures journals

RG 2-53

School Board financial statements

RG 2-54

Ministry of Education correspondence records on grants to school boards

RG 2-55

Ministry of Education miscellaneous grants files

RG 2-56

Department of Education audit reports of revenue

RG 2-57

Ministry of Education financial management and program analysis files

RG 2-58

Auxiliary Education Branch reports

RG 2-59

Auxiliary Education Services correspondence files

RG 2-60

Department of Education Habilitation case files

RG 2-61

Provincial schools correspondence and administration files

RG 2-62

Department of Education approval for innovative courses files

RG 2-63

Department of Education approval for innovative courses and text book permission files

RG 2-64

Ministry of Education cultural exchange grant files

RG 2-66

Department of Education cancelled text book contracts, agreements, copyrights and other material

RG 2-67

Samples of grades 10, 12, and 13 certificates and diplomas

RG 2-68

Register of summer courses in physical education

RG 2-69

School principals' qualification summer course files

RG 2-70

Correspondence of the Audio-Visual Education Branch

RG 2-71

Photographs of the Audio-Visual Education Branch

RG 2-72

Diaries of John Waugh, Chief Inspector of Public and Separate schools

RG 2-73

Community Programmes Branch main office general correspondence files

RG 2-74

Department of Education, Community Programmes Branch general correspondence files

RG 2-75

Meeting minutes of the National Council on Physical Fitness

RG 2-76

Correspondence of the Crafts Section of the Community Programmes Branch of the Department of Education

RG 2-77

Adult education minutes and correspondence files

RG 2-78

Submissions to the Royal Commission on Education (Hope Commission) and the Royal Commission on the National Development in the Arts, Letters, and Science (Massey Commission) files

RG 2-81

Department of Education curriculum files

RG 2-83

Student Guidance Information Service files

RG 2-84

Learning Materials Service Unit film decentralization files

RG 2-85

Department of Education historical collection records

RG 2-86

Documentary History of Education manuscript files

RG 2-87

Department of Education local school histories and teaching experiences files

RG 2-88

Files relating to school legislation in Upper Canada, Canada West and Ontario

RG 2-89

Correspondence and subject files of the Director of the Music Branch

RG 2-90

Correspondence and subject files of the Assistant Director of the Music Branch

RG 2-91

Elementary and secondary school annual music reports

RG 2-92

Correspondence files of the Director of the Physical and Health Education Branch

RG 2-93

External organization liaison files of the Physical and Health Education Branch

RG 2-94

Summer course files of the Physical and Health Education Branch

RG 2-95

Minute books of Boards of Examiners for the Department of Education

RG 2-96

Educational Council minute book

RG 2-97

Dr. John George Hodgins' correspondence files

RG 2-98

Algoma Public School Inspectorate records

RG 2-99

Annual reports of the Simcoe County Public School Inspectorate

RG 16-66

Agricultural Representatives' field reports

RG 2-100

Annual reports of public school inspectors

RG 2-101

Roman Catholic Separate School Inspectors' reports

RG 2-102

English-French school correspondence files and inspection summary registers

RG 2-103

Manual training and household science reports

RG 2-104

Poor school applications and correspondence files

RG 2-105

High school inspectors' annual reports

RG 2-106

High school and collegiate institute inspectors' field notes

RG 2-107

High school correspondence files

RG 2-108

Continuation school inspectors' reports

RG 2-109

Miscellaneous elementary, secondary and private school records

RG 2-110

Teachers' superannuation financial records

RG 2-111

Private School Inspectors' field notes

RG 2-113

Vocational Education Branch correspondence files

RG 2-114

Teacher superannuation files

RG 2-116

Examination papers for high schools, collegiate institutes and teaching training programs.

RG 2-117

Correspondence files of the Assistant Deputy Minister of the Administrative and Financial Services Division, Ministry of Education

RG 2-118

Ministry of Education news releases

RG 2-119

Theses submitted for the Specialist's Certificate in Guidance, Department of Education

RG 2-120

School board submissions for primary and junior level curriculum development

RG 2-121

Opinion survey files of the Intermediate Curriculum Review

RG 2-123

Diaries of the Ministers of Education

RG 2-124

Ministry of Education Architectural Services general administration files

RG 2-125

Royal Commission on Education (Hope Commission) files

RG 2-126

Centennial School Project files

RG 2-127

Secondary school principals' statements, statistical reports and inspectors' reports

RG 2-129

Normal schools historical files

RG 2-130

Teachers' summer course marks sheets

RG 2-132

Files relating to scholarships for high school teachers studying outside Ontario

RG 2-133

Department of Education reports of academic standing (student records)

RG 2-134

Inspectors' reports relating to teacher supervision

RG 2-135

Registrar's Branch historical files

RG 2-136

Teachers' in-service course marks reports

RG 2-138

Ministry of Education Personnel Branch Director's files

RG 2-139

Minutes of annual meetings of Roman Catholic Separate School Supporters

RG 2-141

Teacher training circulars and questionnaires

RG 2-142

County Boards of Education records

RG 2-144

Public School Inpectors' reports and correspondence files

RG 2-145

Examination correspondence files

RG 2-146

Public Libraries Branch files

RG 2-147

Department of Education Community Programmes Branch recreation correspondence and operational files

RG 2-148

Department of Education Community Programmes Branch citizenship correspondence files

RG 2-149

Department of Education Association for War Work records

RG 2-152

Minister of Education correspondence files

RG 2-155

Elementary, secondary and university education correspondence and memoranda files

RG 2-156

Correspondence files of the Assistant Superintendent of the Professional Development Branch of the Department of Education

RG 2-157

Report of the Commissioners on Schools in the Counties of Prescott and Russell in which the French Language is Taught

RG 2-158

Report of the Commissioners on Public Schools in Ontario in which the French Language is Taught

RG 2-159

Report of the Commission Relating to the Ottawa Separate Schools

RG 2-160

Interim Report of the Committee on High School Education

RG 2-161

Report of the Committee Appointed to Enquire into the Conditions of the Schools Attended by French-Speaking Pupils

RG 2-162

Minutes and report of the Committee of Enquiry into the Cost of Education in the Province of Ontario

RG 2-163

Statistical summary of a survey of elementary education

RG 2-164

Grade 12 examination study files

RG 2-165

Grade 13 Study Committee files

RG 2-166

Files of the Minister's Committee on Training of Elementary School Teachers

RG 2-167

Research files and report of the Committee on French Language Schools in Ontario (Beriault Committee)

RG 2-168

Committee files and report of the Provincial Committee on Aims and Objectives of Education in the Schools of Ontario (Hall-Dennis Committee)

RG 2-169

Dr. Edison Quick's files regarding the Provincial Committee on Aims and Objectives of Education in Schools of Ontario

RG 2-170

Records of the Committee on Religious Education in the Public Schools of the Province of Ontario (Mackay Commission)

RG 2-172

News Media Attitudes, Awareness and Use of Ontario Department of Education News and Information Services Branch (Report)

RG 2-173

Files of study on racial bias towards native peoples in text books

RG 2-174

Files and report of the Committee of Inquiry into Negotiation Procedures concerning Elementary and Secondary Schools of Ontario (Reville Committee)

RG 2-175

Farm service and enlistment regulations and correspondence files

RG 2-176

Files and report of the Ministerial Commission on French Language Secondary Education (Symons Commission)

RG 2-179

Educational Resources Allocations System (ERAS) files

RG 2-181

Religious instruction in Ontario schools file

RG 2-184

Lists of high school principals and assistants

RG 2-186

Minutes of the Committee in Connection with the Revision of the Scripture Readings for High and Public Schools

RG 2-189

Minutes of the Council of King's College

RG 2-193

File on the criticism of art education in Ontario schools

RG 2-194

Photographs of personnel, programs and activities of the Ministry of Education

RG 2-196

Report of a meeting on the merits of university extension or continuing education

RG 2-197

Newspaper clippings and historical files of the Department of Education

RG 2-200

Council for Franco-Ontarian Education operational files

RG 2-201

Grade 13 French examinations

RG 2-202

Community school grant files

RG 2-203

Reports of the Policy and Development Council of the Department of Education

RG 2-204

Ontario School for the Blind correspondence and administrative files

RG 2-206

Files of the Staff Council of the Ministry of Education

RG 2-207

Grants in Aid of Educational Research Program files

RG 2-208

Public School Inspectors' operational files

RG 2-209

Files of the Committee on the Costs of Education in Elementary and Secondary Schools of Ontario

RG 2-211

Immigration and population statistics relating to education

RG 2-214

School Inspectors' reports on physical and health education programs

RG 2-215

Ministry of Education legislation and legal services operational files

RG 2-216

Education historical files

RG 2-217

University files of the Department of Education

RG 2-219

Ministry of Education private school files

RG 2-220

Ministry of Education statistical unit operational files

RG 2-223

Ministry of Education Information Centre operational files

RG 2-225

School attendance policy files

RG 2-226

Applications for admission to the Ontario Library School

RG 2-227

Examination marks of Ontario Library School students

RG 2-228

Public Libraries Act working papers

RG 2-229

Correspondence files of the Director of the Provincial Library Service Branch of the Department of Education

RG 2-230

Public Library Boards correspondence files

RG 2-232

Public Libraries financial reports

RG 2-234

Files relating to private scholarships

RG 2-236

Ministry of Education research operational files

RG 2-237

Grants in Aid of Educational Research Program rejected applications

RG 2-239

Technical and vocational training agreements files

RG 2-240

Adult Occupational Training Program files

RG 2-241

Special Education Branch general correspondence and administration files

RG 2-243

Circular 14 text book files

RG 2-245

Physical and health education curriculum files

RG 2-246

Northwestern Ontario dissolved school board files

RG 2-248

Ottawa Valley Region dissolved school board records

RG 2-249

Household Science training photographs

RG 2-255

High school inspectors' annual summary reports

RG 2-256

Ottawa Model School student records

RG 2-257

Ontario teachers' colleges historical files

RG 2-258

Teachers' colleges general administration and correspondence files

RG 2-259

Teacher Education Branch committee files

RG 2-260

Teacher Education Branch promotional films

RG 2-261

Files relating to integration of teachers' colleges with universities

RG 2-262

Pupil retirement data

RG 2-264

Files of the Assistant Deputy Minister of the Program Division of the Ministry of Education

RG 2-265

Ministry of Education regional offices files

RG 2-267

Secondary school department heads' summer seminars binders

RG 2-268

Elementary school principals' summer course binder

RG 2-270

Continuation school equipment schedules

RG 2-271

Trustees' financial statements for continuation classes

RG 2-273

Continuation School Inspectors' field notes

RG 2-275

Northeastern Ontario dissolved school boards records

RG 2-277

Midnorthern Ontario dissolved school boards records

RG 2-280

Ontario teachers' files

RG 2-282

Ministry of Education numbered memoranda files

RG 2-284

School Finance Committee files

RG 2-285

Ontario teacher system tables

RG 2-286

Program Implementation and Review Branch operational files

RG 2-288

Ministry of Education Architectural Services Section research project files

RG 2-291

Department of Education Orders-in-Council and indexes

RG 2-294

Ministry of Education cabinet and ministerial files compiled at change of government in 1985

RG 2-297

Ministry of Education Program Planning and Development Unit operational files

RG 2-299

Department of Education select subject files index cards

RG 2-300

Department of Education central registry files index cards

RG 2-301

Registers of first and second class teachers' certificates

RG 2-306

Public Library Boards grant application files

RG 2-307

Department of Education non-profit camp grant application files

RG 2-317

Registers of third class teachers' certificates

RG 2-318

Registers of head masters', principals', assistant head masters', vice-principals' and permanent high school specialists' certificates

RG 2-319

Registers of interim high school teachers’ certificates

RG 2-320

First class teachers’ certificates examination applications

RG 2-322

Interim elementary school teachers certificates registers

RG 2-323

Letters of standing for teachers with out of province qualifications registers

RG 2-324

Interim and permanent kindergarten and elementary school teachers certificate registers

RG 2-325

Temporary teachers' certificates registers

RG 2-326

Special subjects teachers' certificates registers

RG 2-327

County model school inspectors reports

RG 2-328

Teachers' institutes meeting records

RG 2-329

Normal and Model School examination papers

RG 2-330

Registers of manual training teachers' certficates

RG 2-331

Vocational Education Teachers' and Principals' Certificates registers

RG 2-332

Teacher-Librarians' Certificates register

RG 2-333

Teachers of religious and educational communities registers

RG 2-334

Inspectors' and examiners' certificate registers

RG 2-335

Kindergarten teachers certificate examination registers

RG 2-336

Samples of teachers' and inspectors' certificates

RG 2-338

Letters of permission register

RG 2-339

School attendance case files

RG 2-342

Departmental reports of the final examinations of teachers in training

RG 2-344

Provincial Museum art works

RG 2-345

Secondary school guidance inspection reports

RG 2-355

F.W. Merchant's normal schools inspection reports

RG 2-360

Model schools student teachers registers

RG 2-361

Normal schools application records

RG 2-367

Royal Commission on Education newspaper clippings

RG 2-369

Municipal recreation directors certificates, technical institutes assistants certificates and arena managers certificates register

RG 2-370

Summer course in defence training, health and physical education marks registers

RG 2-371

Special teaching subjects examination reports

RG 2-372

Public and elementary school inspectors and supervisory officers examination registers

RG 2-373

Librarianship and library service certificates register

RG 2-374

Faculties of education final examination reports

RG 2-378

Ministry of Education architectural drawings of schools

RG 2-386

Ministry of Education's master identification file

RG 2-400

Capital Grant Program applications for school buildings

RG 2-422

High School entrance examinations

RG 32-19

Teacher Education Branch records

RG 32-21

Correspondence of the Ontario Council on University Affairs

RG 32-23

Operational records of the Committee on University Affairs of Ontario

RG 32-25

Minutes of the Committee on University Affairs of Ontario

RG 32-29

Administrative records of the Defence Training Board

RG 32-30

Administrative records of the College Affairs Branch

RG 32-32

Staff relations and benefits files maintained by the College Affairs Branch

RG 32-39

Administrative records of the Private Vocational Schools Unit

RG 32-62

College financial support operational files

RG 32-66

College program development and approval files

RG 47-39

Correspondence on the administration of arts and crafts programs

RG 47-66

Minutes of Archaeological and Historic Sites Board meetings

RG 47-70

Children's library services records

RG 47-72

Regional public library boards records

RG 49-33

Ontario Legislative Library print collection

RG 65-15

Recreation in Ontario historical files

RG 65-16

Central registry for sports and recreation records

RG 65-23

Grants to sports governing bodies and physical recreation agencies case files

RG 65-46

Recreation certification program files

RG 65-67

Community Recreation Centres Act files

RG 65-68

Sport and recreation grant audit files

RG 72-66

Labour Adjustment Program files of the Literacy Branch of the Ministry of Education and Training

RG 75-44

Minutes of the Education Department Committee of the Executive Council

RG 16-271

Halton County Agricultural Representative office records

RG 16-274

Agricultural Representative photograph albums

RG 16-280

Extension Branch collection

RG 16-281

Records on the history of Agricultural Representatives in Ontario

Archival Records about this Person or Body

Click on a reference code for more information about a series of records.

Reference Code Series Title

F 4673

Emma Fawell teaching certificate

Archival Records Linked to this Person or Body

Click on a reference code for more information about a series of records.

Reference Code Series Title

F 4618-3

J. Kelvin Crossley Department and Ministry of Education records